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Venomous Snakes in Kenya – Snakes of Medical Importance

Name: Red Spitting Cobra
Description: Orange-red, with a black throat band
Bite Signs & Symptoms: 

  • Local swelling and blistering
  • Local necrosis
  • Burning pain and redness in eye envenomation

Name: Large Brown Spitting Cobra
Description: Different shades of brown.
Bite Signs & Symptoms: 

  • Severe, progressive swelling
  • Necrosis
  • Burning pain and redness in eye envenomationLarge Brown Spitting Cobra

Name: Black Mamba
Description: Grey with Black Mouth
Bite Signs & Symptoms: 

  • Tingling of the tongue and lips with a metallic taste.
  • Drooping eye lids.
  • Descending paralysis envenomation

Name: Puff Adder
Description: Light brown, overlaid with a pattern of dark brown to black U-shaped bands
Bite Signs & Symptoms: 

  • Immediate severe pain, swelling and blistering.
  • Necrosis with massive muscle and tissue damage.
  • Continuous bleeding from bite wound, mouth, nose and other orifices.

Name: Boomslang
Description: Females brown, males green.
Bite Signs & Symptoms: 

  • Bleeding from bite wound, gums, nose and other orifices.
  • Headache, nausea and sleepiness. 

Name: Echis (Carpet Viper)
Description: Light brown, with pale crossbars along the back
Bite Signs & Symptoms: 

  • Local pain and severe swelling.
  • External and internal bleeding